June 15, 2013

American women and the right to vote, in pictures

Before she became First Lady of the United States, Lou Henry Hoover gave an address at Bryn Mawr College on April 10, 1920.  "At the time of this speech, the 19th amendment was in the process of being ratified by the states."  The amendment was ratified on August 18, 1920.  Part of Hoover's speech:

"That we have the vote means nothing. That we use it in the right way means everything. Our political work has only begun when we have the ballot. And that work should be carried out exactly as our college work is, - as any good work which we undertake is, - it must be thoughtful, idealistic, clean, effective." 

Most of these photos are from the early 1920s, before and after the 19th Amendment was passed in August 1920.  And since I was curious, and this gets asked pretty often - the Amendment made it legal for women of all races to vote, but many African American women in the South for example, were disenfranchised until the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s.

 The 19th Amendment was passed on June 4, 1919 and ratified in August, 1920.

Governor Edwin P. Morrow sign Kentucky's ratification of the Anthony Amendment, Jan. 6, 1920.  The women are wearing "Votes for Women" banners.  [Via]

Senator Joseph S. Freylinghuysen congratulates Betty Gram on New Jersey's ratification, Feb. 1920.  [Via]

 Mary Church Terrell, ca. 1920.  Suffragette, co-founder of the National Association of Colored Women, and president of the Women's Republican League during Warren G. Harding's 1920 presidential campaign.  [Via]

 Anti-suffrage cartoon, 1920.  "The Sifter" sorts Pro-suffrage and Anti-suffrage politicians through the sieve of the 19th Amendment.  The Pro-suffrage politicians like former President William Howard Taft, President Woodrow Wilson, and future President Warren G. Harding fall through to political extinction.  [Via]

 Suffragettes, circa 1920 [Via]

Suffrage flyer, circa 1920 [Via]

The first African American women to vote in Ettrick, Virginia, 1920.  They were all members of the Virginia State University Faculty.  [Via]

Ruth Hanna McCormick, US Representative from Illinois from 1929-1931.  She was the first woman on the cover of Time Magazine, April 23, 1928.  [Via]

Liberty by Leslie Thrasher, November 10, 1928.  [Via]

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